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Vertigo: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment


When you have vertigo, you may feel as if you are spinning or moving when you are not. You could also get the impression that your surroundings are moving when they aren’t. People often confuse vertigo with dizziness, although it is not the same as being light-headed. 

For persons with vertigo, even small movements are excruciatingly painful, and the illness can significantly impact daily life. Your symptoms will determine the cause of your vertigo and the type of vertigo you experience. You will find a top-notch quality vertigo clinic in Calgary.

Defining vertigo.

Vertigo is the sensation that the world is spinning, whirling, or rocking even when the person is still. Some patients use the terms vertigo and dizziness interchangeably to describe a wide range of symptoms, from balance issues and walking difficulties to motion sickness or light-headedness. On the other hand, most health care specialists regard vertigo to be a particular problem involving the inner ear and brain’s balance centres.

Understanding the anatomy of the ear is helpful in understanding vertigo. The sound waves reach the eardrum after traveling through the outer ear canal. The sound converts itself into vibrations, which travel through the middle ear via three little bones: the incus, malleus, and stapes to the cochlea, and then to the vestibular nerve, which sends the signal to our brain, which interprets the nerve impulses as sound.

The inner ear does not affect the hearing. It comprises three semicircular canals that are angled at right angles to one another and lined with sensitive nerve cells that operate as a gyroscope for the body. The semicircular canals and hair cells within the utricle, saccule, and otoliths make the human vestibular system. These are the tiny objects that stimulate hair cells in reaction to movement. This system gives the brain and vision and proprioception sensors in the body rapid feedback about our position in space.

Cause that triggers vertigo.

Multiple factors can cause vertigo. One can classify vertigo based on its causes. It could be the peripheral or central source. Vertigo can emerge by a brain or spinal cord problem or by a condition in the inner ear.

Peripheral causes;

  • The inner ear structures can become inflamed on their own. Microscopic crystals or stones located in the inner ear might become dislodged and irritate the small hair cells in the semicircular canals, resulting in vertigo. The condition is known as benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV).
  • Meniere’s illness is characterized by fluid build-up in the inner ear or the endolymphatic system, resulting in vertigo, hearing loss, and tinnitus (ringing in the ear). The reason for the fluid build-up is uncertain.
  • Dizziness or vertigo can emerge from an infection of the vestibular nerve. Vestibular neuronitis, vestibular neuritis, or labyrinthitis are all terms for the same thing. If you are going through the same, find dizziness treatment in Calgary.

Central causes;

  • Brain or spinal cord tumours.
  • Multiple sclerosis.
  • Patients with the type of migraine headaches referred to as vestibular migraine that might cause vertigo.
  • Traumatic brain injury or concussion associated with vertigo.
  • Strokes might also cause loss of coordination or vertigo.
Symptoms of vertigo.
Common symptoms and signs of peripheral vertigo include;
  • Balance problem.
  • Feeling like you are spinning or moving.
  • Issues while focusing eyes.
  • Nausea or vomiting.
  • Ringing in the ears.
  • Hearing loss in one ear.
Common symptoms and signs of central vertigo include;
  • Weak limbs.
  • Facial paralysis.
  • Double vision.
  • Slurred speech.
  • Eye movement difficulties.
  • Difficulty in swallowing.

Treatment for vertigo.

Particle repositioning movements are one of the most effective therapies for peripheral vertigo. The Epley manoeuvre, also known as canalith repositioning, is the most well-known of these procedures. Specific head movements cause the loose crystals (canalith) within the inner ear to shift during this treatment. These crystals can be repositioned to cause less discomfort to the inner ear, and symptoms can be alleviated. Because these motions might exacerbate vertigo, they should only be performed by a qualified healthcare provider or physiotherapist.

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Other types of physical therapy can treat vertigo induced by the inner ear disorders. Medicines, injections, psychotherapy, and surgery may be required at times. Your physician can assist you in determining which options are best for you. Your physiotherapist might give you an exercise plan that can help you alleviate the pain of vertigo. But you must perform certain exercises under the observation of your physiotherapist. 

Conclusion – If you are going through vertigo pain, physiotherapy in Calgary can help you get rid of the pain.

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