Tuesday, January 19, 2021

MAHASHIVRATRI- महा-शिवरात्रि

The festival of Mahashivratri is a very important festival. According to Vedas mythological texts, Shiva is the beginning and the end.
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    HOW TO CULTIVATE ONION- प्याज की खेती कैसे करें ?

    Onion Cultivate

    Onion Cultivate crop requires a climate that is neither too hot nor too cold. It is usually cultivated in all types of land but fertile soil with abundant manure and excellent drainage system, The land should not be too acidic, otherwise the growth of onion tubers is not good. First of all, we will plow on the land on which we plant onion and put manure and rotten cow dung on it and mix it well in the soil and make it fertile, after leaving the fertile we will leave at least two days to make the soil light Then we will make Qatar in which its depth should be 2 to 3 centimeters and sowing the seeds at a distance of 5 to 7 centimeters for extracting weeds and applying medicine is very beneficial. The soil of the beds should be thoroughly crushed before sowing. After that, to prepare the plant and onion tubers, sow the seeds in a bed which is 3×1 meters. For proper drainage during the rainy season, the height of the beds should be 10 to 15 cm.
    Seeds should be sown after treatment with Trichoderma viridi or Thiram to avoid plant-based rotting disease. After sowing the seeds are covered with fine manure and coarse soil. After that give water from the shrimp, then remove the grass chaff a day before germination.

    Irrigation:

    Light irrigation with transplanting and after three to four days, so that the soil remains moist even after every 8 to 10 days of irrigation. When the crop is ready, the top of the plant starts to turn yellow before it stops irrigation so that onion bulb does not have trouble in growing. If water stops in the field due to excessive rainfall or other reasons, it should be released soon, otherwise the chances of mildew-related diseases are increased in the crop.
    The onion nursery planted in October – November should be planted from January to the last week of February. The leaves of this crop dry well and the well-drained onion is stored for a long time. Onion is a crop in which if the plants become stagnant after planting, then it requires cleaning and irrigation. This crop requires a lot of irrigation, its surface spreads 15 or 20 cm.
    • Irrigate it at an interval of five days.
    • 12 to 14 irrigations are required in this crop. Deep irrigation is harmful in this.
    • Lack of water should not cause cracks in the fields. In this, irrigating is done at a difference of 10 -12 days at the time of starting and when the soil becomes hot, irrigate at 5-7 days.
    • And when you clear the weeds after two to three times of irrigation, by doing so, the plants get the proper amount of nutrients and light.

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    Disease :

    The leaves begin to dry later when there are brown spots on the leaves, and the sprinkling of 0. 15% dietary Z-78 at the right time leaves the leaves to dry.

    Murduromil Mildew:

    The leaves first become yellow and green, long and circular spots appear on those leaves. After that all the leaves start turning. To prevent this, spraying of 0.35% copper-borne mildew drug stops the leaf turning.

    Onion thrips:

    By piercing its leaves and roots, it sucks all its juice, and then the first one starts to see some stripes on the leaves and the whole crop starts to turn white. To prevent this, insecticidal, Malathian medicine has to be sprayed and insects have to be protected from moisture.

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    Harvesting:

    When the stems of the plants start to dry and the stems turn backwards after drying, then onion tubers are uprooted properly, after that leave the plants with knot to dry in shade for two or three weeks after that we eat it. I use

    Conclusions: –
    Hope you have understood well how onion is cultivated. And to grow onions, what things are needed and what things have to be taken care of. If you have any kind of problem or trouble, then please tell us by commenting or contact us on our email given.


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