INTRODUCTION OF MAKAR SANKRANTI
The festival of Makar Sankranti is a festival of happiness and joy because on this day people of all classes in Hinduism are happy and live together, not discriminating. Poor people get good clothes and sweets. That is why people are happy and those who donate are happy by earning merit. Because we August revolution is the festival of happiness which fills happiness in everyone’s life.
This festival is celebrated with enthusiasm not only in India but also in countries like Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, etc. according to the traditions of Hinduism. Every state has a different tradition of celebrating the festival of Makar Sankranti in India, but the purpose of everyone is to earn virtue by donating.
WHEN IS THE FESTIVAL of MAKAR SANKRANTI CELEBRATED?
The holy festival of Makar Sakranti, according to the calendar of Hinduism, in the month of Paush, when the sun enters from the Capricorn sign and enters Capricorn. From this day itself comes the arrival of spring.
The weather starts changing even in winter. The days start getting longer and the nights start getting shorter. This is the reason that Makar Sakranti is also celebrated as the reception of new seasons and seasons.
WHY IS THE FESTIVAL OF MAKAR SANKRANTI CELEBRATED?
There are different types of people behind celebrating the festival of Makar Sakranti, but according to Hinduism, the festival of Makar Sankranti is celebrated on the same day when the sun enters the Capricorn sign from Sagittarius and hence the name of this Chauhan. From ‘Sakranti’ to “Makar Sakranti”.
According to scientists, till this day, the sun used to rise in the south direction through the east direction, but after this day, the sun rises in the east direction and sets in the northern hemisphere, hence the night time starts to shorten from this day and The days start getting bigger.
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FAMOUS CULTURE IN THE STATES ON THE festival of MAKAR SANKRANTI :
In Rajasthan, the festival of Makar Sakranti is celebrated differently, here on the day of Makar Sankranti, sweets of goodies, sesame seeds, jalebi, etc. are made. On this day, people also fly colorful kites to show their joy, which looks very beautiful in the open sky.
On this day everyone from children to elders is busy flying kites and also enjoys sweets and dumpling, dumplings. The women listen to the stories of the sun god on the day and also keep a fast.
UTTARPRADESH, PASCHIM BIHAR :
People in Uttar Pradesh and West Bihar know this festival as Khichdi. Because on this day khichdi is made in almost all the houses there and is offered to the sun god.
Also, people go and bathe in the rivers flowing there. After this, water is offered to the Sun. After this, donations are also done in the form of religion such as distributing fruits, distributing clothes, blankets, and other things are donated. People believe that donating on this day gives them more merit than other days.
In Tamil Nadu, this festival is celebrated as Pongal festival, people who believe in Tamil Nadu Hinduism, cut their crop and offer it to their favorite deity. For the people there, this day is a symbol of happiness and prosperity.
PUNJAB, HIMACHAL PRADESH, HARYANA :
In Haryana and Himachal Pradesh, the festival is known as Maa. In Punjab, celebrated only on January 13, which is also named Lohri. People there burn wood and add sesame maize and other sweets and worship God.
GUJARAT, UTTARAKHAND :
this festival is also known as Uttarayan because at this time the sun rises in the east direction and sets in the north direction. This is a miracle, hence it is called Uttarayan. People also distribute sweets, clothes, and many things to needy people and do charity.
The festival of Makar Sankranti is celebrated with great pageantry here. Where women donate cotton salt and oil to married women. The women hither also distribute sesame seeds and goodies. They believe that people distribute sweets and good by distributing jaggery, and so many things.
PASCHIM BENGAL :
A huge fair is organized on this day in the Ganges Sagar, where all the devotees celebrate this festival with great prompting.
On this day, people who take a bath in the river do all the pilgrimage. There is also a saying that “all the pilgrimages are repeated, Ganga Sagar once.
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IMPORTANCE OF MAKAR SANKRANTI FESTIVAL :
HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE :
According to mythological beliefs, on this day Lord Surya visits his son Shani at his house. Since Shanidev is the lord of Capricorn, this day is known as Makar Sakranti.
According to another mythological and historical event, BhishmaPitamah had sacrificed his life on this day and this auspicious occasion of Makar Sakranti, the river Ganga followed Bhagiratha and reached Samandar (Sagar) via Kapil Muni’s ashram.
SOCIAL IMPORTANCE :
As we have mentioned above, this festival is celebrated by everyone according to their methods and ideas, so there are many colors of this festival, this festival is a festival of happiness, wealth and charity.
On this day, all people meet each other and celebrate this festival with great pomp. Even though people can see diversity in names and cultures about this festival, but this festival works to connect people because nowadays people have become so busy in the runaway life that they are unable to give time to their people. The festival of Makar Sankranti is considered an important festival like other festivals. It has special significance in Hinduism. This festival is celebrated with great pomp in India as well as Nepal. It is known by different names in different regions.
It is only through these festivals that we can meet each other and share our happiness.
Festivals have special significance in today’s run-of-the busy life. The biggest power and development festival in India is because people understand each other because of the festival. We share our happiness and sorrow. Due to all these festivals, there is unity in India, despite the differences.
Each festival has its own special significance. Festivals always connect people. That is why all the people like the festival very much.