With over 780 confirmed cases, monkeypox, which spreads through close contact and was first discovered in monkeys, has been detected in around 30 countries where it is not endemic.
In what is the largest outbreak of the virus, the monkeypox virus has been reported in around 30 countries where the infection is not endemic. There have been more than 780 confirmed or suspected cases of the virus, the majority of which have occurred in Europe.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has issued new guidelines and measures to prevent the virus from spreading as the number of cases rises. After studying the virus epidemiology, sources of infection, and transmission patterns, WHO epidemiologist Dr. Maria Van Kerkhove detailed a list of key measures to stop monkeypox.
In countries where the virus is not endemic, the senior health officer recommended increasing surveillance and raising awareness about what monkeypox is and how it spreads, particularly in the United States, Canada, Australia, Germany, and France. Governments are being urged to ensure that people who are expected to be affected receive appropriate clinical care, according to the global health organization.
The second step in halting the virus’s spread is to prevent human-to-human transmission in several non-endemic countries by utilizing public health tools for early detection, such as isolating cases and talking with and listening to communities to find solutions.
Dr. Maria Van Kerkhove went on to say that frontline workers must be protected because they are the ones who work on the ground and provide direct services to the public. “It’s critical to provide them with up-to-date information as well as the necessary personal protective equipment. Antivirals and vaccines should be given to those who are most at risk in an equitable manner as part of the virus’s countermeasures “According to Dr. Kerkhove.
Because it is critical to understand what monkeypox is, WHO is hosting a research and development meeting next week that will cover everything from epidemiology to diagnostics, treatments, and vaccinations.
While there have been no confirmed cases in India, a 5-year-old girl’s sample was collected in Ghaziabad for monkeypox testing. Meanwhile, genetic analysis of recent monkeypox cases in the United States has revealed two distinct strains. Many of the cases in the United States were caused by the same strain as recent cases in Europe, but federal health officials say a few samples show a different strain.
Monkeypox is a member of the Orthopoxvirus genus, which also includes variola virus (which causes smallpox), vaccinia virus (which is used in the smallpox vaccine), and cowpox virus in the Poxviridae family. Fever, chills, rash, and lesions on the face or genitals are common symptoms of monkeypox. According to the WHO, up to one in ten people will die from the disease.