INTRODUCTION OF GOVARDHAN PUJA :
Govardhan Puja is the major festival of Hindus. This festival is mainly a festival celebrated by farmers, Yadavas and shepherds, etc. It is celebrated all over India. But it has special significance in North India. It falls on the fourth day of the 5-day Diwali festival and normally on the next day of Diwali. It is celebrated on the first date of Shukla Paksha of Kartik month according to the Hindu calendar.
Govardhan Puja is the day of worship of Lord Shri Krishna and Govardhan Parvat. Govardhan mountain is also a gift of nature.
All of us, animals, trees, plants, insects, kites, and the things that are present on the earth are also the gift of nature. Therefore, we are all indebted to nature. We can never repay its debt, so we should appreciate nature and everything present in it and never misuse it and we should always protect them.
Story of Govardhan Pooja’s name
The festival of Annakoot is celebrated on the first day of Kartik Shukla Paksha on the second day of Deepawali. According to the legend, the festival of Annakoot started in Dwapara Yuga because on this day Lord Krishna offered the Govardhan Parvat and cooked food for cows worship. Hence the name of this day was Annakoot. In many places, this festival is also known as Govardhan Pooja and is celebrated with enthusiasm.
GOVARDHAN PUJA VIDHI :
Govardhan Pooja is a kind of nature worship which we all worship Govardhan with thanks to Lord Krishna’s Leela and thank nature. Because of which our livelihood goes on.
Govardhan Puja is mainly celebrated by the peasant organists. The farmer gets grain with the help of nature and the cow is completely dependent on nature for the animals, due to which the livelihood of the farmer, cow, or every animal living on nature.
In this puja, all the people wake up in the morning and take bath. Fresh dishes are made in the kitchen of the house. The idol of cow, of Govardhan Parvat, of Shri Krishna, of farm implements, is made by mixing cow dung and soil. All are worshiped. Naivedya is offered.
Lord Krishna is also worshiped. After the puja, the whole family takes food together. Residents of Mathura perform seven revolutions of Mount Govardhan on this day. In this puja, milk, curd, Gangajal, honey, Batashe are offered as Prasad and then distributed among the devotees. So that all the devotees can receive the blessings of Mount Govardhan and nature as Prasad.
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IMPORTANT OF GOVARDHAN PUJA :
All Hindus celebrate this puja with great pomp and show. Our life cannot be complete without nature. In this worship, all human beings show their gratitude towards all-natural things like nature, trees, flowers, wind, mountain, plateau, sun, sunlight. Humans are nourished only by eating vegetables, milk, fruits obtained from nature.
No human being can survive without nature. All the edible crops and vegetables grow in the earth, earth (soil). By worshiping Govardhan, we all thank God that he has nourished us by giving us various natural things.
IMPORTANCE OF COWS IN GOVARDHAN PUJA :
On the day of Govardhan Puja, everyone bathes their cows and bellows. Then worshiped with flowers, incense, sandalwood, etc. The cows are fed as dish offerings. Their aarti is performed and circumambulation is done. All their cows are decorated with Mor Pankh etc. on this day.
LEGEND STORY OF MOUNT GOVARDHAN :
Once Devraj Indra became very arrogant. To dispel his ego, Shri Krishna created a Lila in the avatar of Vishnu. On that day all the Brijwasis were preparing different types of dishes and preparations were being made for worship.At that time Shri Krishna was a child. He asked his mother Yashoda – “Maaya, what are all the Brijwasis preparing for worship?” Yashoda said- “We are all preparing for Annakoot Puja of Devraj Indra”Shri Krishna asked why do we all worship Devraj Indra? Yashoda Maiya replied that Devraj Indra is the god of rain. His grace leads to good rainfall and our crops grow. To thank them, we all worship Annakoot.This gives us food and our cows also get fodder. Lord Shri Krishna said that if our cow goes to Govardhan mountain and eats grass, then all Brajvas should worship Govardhan mountain. Indra never gives a vision.
In this way, Lord Krishna created his Lila and all Brajvas worshiped Govardhan Parvat, not Indra. This angered Devraj Indra. He started feeling disrespected.Enraged, Devraj Indra started torrential rain (rain). They wanted to submerge Mathura in water and punish all Braj people. Gradually, the rains took a formidable form and there was water everywhere. All Brij residents started calling Krishna very bad. Muralidhar (Shri Krishna Bhagwan) tied the Bansi on his waist and lifted the entire Govardhan mountain on the little finger. In this way, no Brajwasi will get wet in the rain.
All the people with their cows and calves came under the Govardhan mountain. Everyone was protected. Indra became even angrier upon seeing the Leela of Shri Krishna. He started torrential rain (rain).Then Sheshnag stopped the rains from coming towards the Govardhan mountain by making rams. Devraj Indra became angry and showered torrential rain for 7 days. But all the Brijwasis who took refuge in Govardhan mountain and below it were completely safe.
Devraj Indra’s ego was crushed. He should understand that Krishna is none other than Brahma himself. Indra went to Brahma and told all the things. Brahma Ji said that Krishna is an incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Devraj returned to Indra Krishna and apologized. After this mythological event, all the residents of Mathura started worshiping Govardhan Parvat. Since then, Govardhan Puja is performed on the next day of Deepawali.On this day, cow bulls are bathed and colored. A new rope is inserted around their neck. Cow bulls are fed good and rice.
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Govardhan Pooja is not only an ego-breaking legend but also emphasizes more importance on the environment. Shri Krishna God had broken the ego of Indra Dev and we should not deny it either. One should always stay away from amorphous disorder. Govardhan Puja gives importance to cow dung and cow. Govardhan Puja which was started by Lord Shri Krishna in Dwapar Yuga, we Indians have been following it till today and will continue to play till the end of the creation of the festival is celebrated around the world with pomp.