With advancements in the cloud computing field, the scope for Ethical hacking in India has increased significantly. New jobs are constantly created in the field, and ethical hacking will soon become its industry. The most popular career opportunities for ethical hackers are in the IT field in the positions of IT analysts and cybersecurity experts. Depending on where your interest lies, you can look into various career options.
Ethical hacking was introduced as a career to fight against cyber threats and to improve the security of digital systems in an organization. The job profile of an ethical hacker is to use tools and techniques that a hacker would use and test the security of networks and systems. They must also always be ready to find new ways to break into a system or network so that they can identify its weak spots.
If this sounds like something you are interested in, you must look into a good ethical hacking course in Mumbai that upskill you in all the right ways.
Types of Ethical Hacking
Advancement in technologies creates opportunities for increasing workflow efficiency and opens many doors for people with malicious intentions. Hacking has become such commonplace that it is believed that any system, no matter the level of security put onto it, can be hacked.
To counter those with ill intent, companies are hiring ethical hackers to always be on alert and protect their data.
- Web application
- System hacking
When a computer system has important data stored on it, it could be a target for hackers. Cyber threats around these systems are higher, so finding a way to build a security wall is extremely important.
Using system hacking, an organization can identify weaknesses in a computer system and hide the files that contain sensitive information.
- Web server
DoS attacks, SYN floods, and other similar attacks are expected on an unprotected web server. Before hackers can plan an attack on the server, companies can use hacking methods to protect all the business data and passwords.
No information theft or business sabotage will happen when all your web servers are secured.
- Wireless network
Wireless networks risk being hacked when there are security flaws in the system. To gain unauthorized access to a computer network, they might use the wireless network to seek open or unprotected networks. As long as the hacker is nearby, they can hack into any unsecured network. All they need is a device compatible with wireless networks.
- Social engineering
In the hacking industry, social engineering is the name given to a common practice of influencing large populations to reveal private information. People’s ignorance is used against them, and false trust is built to purge sensitive information from them.
While security is built to protect people from falling for fraud, educating everyone and cautioning them is the best way to prevent these situations.
Tools and skills of an ethical hacker
An ethical hacker must be thoroughly skilled to carry out hacking effectively. Therefore, understanding all tools and systems is one of the key requirements for jobs in this position.
These are the tools an ethical hacker must know:
- NMAP Project
- John The Ripper
Skills of an ethical hacker:
- Programming knowledge
- Scripting knowledge
- Networking knowledge
- Understanding of Linux
- Reverse engineering basics
Career opportunities in ethical hacking
You might want to think about pursuing one of these careers in ethical hacking:
- Information Security Analyst
Technology experts, known as information security analysts, are responsible for safeguarding an organization’s important data against cyber threats. To keep hackers at bay, these professionals must install and maintain security software. The maintenance process includes frequently updating these systems with a firewall.
According to Ambitionbox, an information security analyst in India earns an annual salary of ₹ 5.5 LPA.
- Cyber Security Analyst
A CEH Certified qualified cyber professional specializing in network security and IT infrastructure is known as a cyber security analyst. These professionals work diligently to foresee and stop cyber attacks. They must have a deep understanding of malware and how cybercriminals might use it to steal from a system.
The average yearly income for a cyber security analyst in India is ₹ 5.0 LPA.
- Penetration Tester
An organization employs a penetration tester to identify all the network security risks in its systems. These testers must be good with hacking tools the hackers use because they must use these tools to find vulnerabilities in a network. This way, they can identify the network components that require the most security.
Even someone with less than a year of experience can earn an average salary of ₹ 6.3 LPA as a penetration tester.
- Vulnerability Assessor
Most organizations hire vulnerability assessors as consultants, but at the beginning of their careers, they are usually part of the cybersecurity or IT departments. As the title suggests, these professionals are responsible for assessing vulnerabilities and identifying points of weakness in an operating system.
According to Glassdoor, a vulnerability analyst or assessor in India earns ₹ 9.5 Lakh per year.
- Security Analyst
Maintaining security within networks and systems is the primary responsibility of a security analyst. They must be knowledgeable enough to respond to issues instantly and prevent any significant loss to the business. They must also work with other security experts to try and find a permanent solution to avoid similar security breaches in the future.
According to Indeed, a security analyst in Mumbai, India, earns a salary of ₹ 6.9 Lakh per year.
Ethical hackers are highly skilled cyber security professionals, and depending on their work field, they will have various career opportunities. The most basic responsibility expected from anyone in this position is maintaining the security of a company’s networks and systems.