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Diabetes can increase the risk of Dengue


Above 30 million Indians suffering from diabetes and above 2 lakh individuals catch hold of dengue every year. So, what is the link between the two ailments? Read on to learn more.

High blood sugar levels or diabetes can deteriorate the complications resulting from dengue. And now that, winter is approaching, the dengue threat is at the peak as well. A diabetic patient must be extra careful about mosquitoes this season, as dengue is riskier for him or her as compared to others or non-diabetics. 

Dengue fever is a viral disorder spread by mosquitoes in several tropical as well as subtropical parts of the world. Signs may involve nausea, headache, high temperature, joint pain, pain behind the eyes, muscle pain, rash, and dissatisfaction.

Diabetes and dengue: why two are lethal in combination

There was a group of doctors in Chennai who discovered something surprising. 4000 individuals were studied, they were hospitalized in 2019 and were diagnosed with dengue. The severity of signs varied from individual to individual. Few were discharged in some days while others had to stay back and a plasma transplant was given to them.

While moving over to the medical history of the patients, physicians found that 20% of the patients had one thing in common i.e., diabetes. Those patients with dengue, whose glucose levels were also high, developed serious complications because of dengue. They experienced extreme abdominal pain, enormously high fever as well as intense episodes of headaches. Additional tests at the hospital discovered that the patients who were at a high risk of diabetes also experienced an internal hemorrhage, as well as their circulatory system, got collapsed (which physicians gave the term, hemorrhagic shock).

In a few diabetes patients, dengue brought about intense complications. They experienced constant vomiting, respiratory issues, sore throat creating difficulty in swallowing, and nonstop coughing. By the time they were moved to a hospital, their faces turned blue and their pulse rate was disturbingly low. This resulted in the declaration of diabetes as one of the ailments that enhance the fatality of dengue by the doctor’s team.

Why does diabetes amplify complications due to dengue?

Dengue as a long term complications of diabetes is a big concern and may bring about the fatal conditions (such as acute cardiac events). Right now, diabetes mellitus is the most common chronic illness and there is a vast number of diabetics all around the world.

There is no sufficient evidence that can inform why diabetes makes dengue riskier. But physicians believe that since a diabetic’s immune system is weak, blood vessels are fragile, as well as they are at an increased risk of hemorrhage, dengue signs are expected to deteriorate in diabetics. Dengue destroys an individual’s platelets which may give rise to blood clotting. In combination, diabetes and dengue can bring about increased damage inside the body and may create difficulty for the diabetic to recover.

Dengue results in fever and amplifies the metabolic rate, which may cause elevations in blood glucose levels. If it is not monitored in a proper manner, the risk of severe complications increases. Also, various research studies have established that glucose intolerance is regularly related to dengue fever in its early course. These observations considerably help in the early diagnosis of dengue fever; and permit for evasion of dextrose infusions as a fluid replacement in dengue fever.

What a person can do?

Winter, particularly the commencement of winter, is when dengue occurrences are at their peak. Some things can be helpful and diabetics must do:

  • Always make use of mosquito nets while sleeping at night.
  • Wear outfits having long sleeves covering the entire body.
  • While moving out, the application of a suitable mosquito-repellent cream is a must on the arms, legs, and neck.
  • Utilize mosquito-repellent oils at all times of the day while at home.
  • Avoid accumulating water near surroundings or else mosquitoes will breed there.
  • Follow the recommended diet and exercise routine.
  • As for a person’s diabetes, it is a must to keep track of blood glucose levels regularly.
  • Avoid forgetting the insulin shots and medication.

Timely medical treatment and monitoring can be helpful in saving many lives. It is advised for all patients with a history of diabetes or heart problems to call for a doctor if they have a high fever for more than 24 hours. Based on the patient’s condition, the dosage of the medicines may require a modification.

Dengue is well-thought-out to be one of the deadliest and extensively spread mosquito-borne ailments globally. Dengue spreads by the bite of a female mosquito, Aedes aegypti. Dengue becomes more fatal and increases the menace of complications that patients may experience like shock syndrome.If a person has diabetes, he or she must have to be extra cautious about mosquitoes. It’s good to practice all the safety

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