Ugadi, the Telugu New Year, is on April 13. Ugadi or Yugadi is observed with great enthusiasm by people in Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Karnataka. Ugadi means ‘the beginning of a new age’. Ugadi 2021 is the beginning of the Telugu Shaka Samvat 1943, according to the drikpanchang.com. In neighbouring Maharashtra, Ugadiis celebrated as Gudi Padwa or the Marathi New Year. This is the second consecutive year that a host of Indian New Years are being marked amid the raging Covid-19 pandemic.
Ugadi 2021 date and time
- Ugadi is marked on the first day of the Shukla Paksha or Full Moon phase of Chaitra.
- Ugadi is on April 13, Tuesday
- Ugadi Pratipada Tithi begins at 8 AM on April 12
- Ugadi Pratipada Tithi ends at 10:16 AM on April 13
Ugadi rituals and celebrations: 10 steps
- All who celebrate Ugadi, begin the day with the ritual of oil bath and wear new clothes
- A few tender neem leaves are eaten before starting the day
- Those who are unable to do puja at home visit the temple and offer prayers to Lord Brahma
- People chant mantras of Brahma with turmeric rice (akshat) and jasmine flowers
- Prayers are also offered to Lord Ganesha
- Many people build an alter or place for puja and make colourful rangolis before a photo of Brahma
- Before Ugadi, homes are cleaned and decorated with fresh flowers and rangoli
- Mango leaves are stringed together like a garland and tied at the front door
- This is done as a symbol of happiness, prosperity and good fortune
- Traditionally people make sweet chapatis as offerings to the gods
Ugadi and its significance
Ugadi, the grand New Year day, is all about new beginnings and aspirations that is symbolic of the spring season. According to legends, Lord Brahma, the creator of the universe, engaged in his work on Ugadi. This is also the time marking the home-coming of Lord Rama. During Ugadi, people gather and enjoy traditional food and exchange gifts. It is also a day when the younger members of the family seek the blessings of the elders.
During the next day or two, states across India will celebrate Hindu New Year based on the Solar calendar. Tamil Nadu will celebrate Puthandu, Bihu will be celebrated in Assam, Baisakhi in Punjab, Pana Sankranti in Orissa and Poila Baishakh in West Bengal. In North Indian states, the nine-day Chaitra Navratri will start. Many people also have neem leaves with sugar on the first day of Navratri.