COVID: Amid an Omicron Surge, Mumbai Records Its First Mucormycosis Case In 2022

On Tuesday, Mumbai recorded its first case of Mucormycosis, also known as Black Fungus, as India battles the third wave of COVID-19 and Omicron variants.

On Tuesday, Mumbai recorded its first case of Mucormycosis, also known as Black Fungus, as India battles another COVID-19 outbreak. The infected individual is a 70-year-old man who tested positive on January 5 and began exhibiting symptoms of the fungal infection on January 12. He was then admitted to Mumbai Central’s Wockhardt Hospital, where he is currently receiving treatment.

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The Ministry of Health and Family Affairs declared Black Fungus a “notifiable disease” under the Epidemic Diseases Act 1897 in May, when the second wave of COVID-19 was underway. Over 40,000 COVID-19 recovered patients in India were found to have mucormycosis, with 741 in Mumbai.

Mumbai Records Its First
Mumbai Records Its First

“When used too early, at a higher dose, or for longer than required, anti-inflammatory or immunomodulatory therapy (such as steroids) can have the risk of secondary infection such as invasive mucormycosis,” the Centre said in new clinical guidelines for COVID-19 treatment.

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What is Mucormycosis, and how does it affect you?

Mucormycosis is a fungus that primarily affects people on medication and impairs their ability to fight pathogens in the environment. After inhaling fungal spores from the air, these individuals’ sinuses or lungs become infected, which can be fatal if not treated. Pain and redness around the eyes and/or nose, fever, headache, coughing, shortness of breath, bloody vomits, and altered mental status are all symptoms of Black Fungus.

How do you deal with mucormycosis?

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Diabetes and diabetic ketoacidosis must be managed.
Reduce the dosage of steroids (if the patient is still on them) with the goal of stopping them as soon as possible.
Immunosuppressive drugs should be stopped.
Antifungal prophylaxis is not required.
To remove all necrotic materials, extensive surgical debridement is performed.
What medical treatment is available for mucormycosis?
Install a central catheter that is inserted from the outside (PICC line)
Maintain proper hydration throughout the body.
Infuse normal saline IV before administering Amphotericin B.
For at least 4-6 weeks, antifungal therapy is recommended (follow guidelines)
Clinically and with radiography, monitor patients for response and disease progression.

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