CBSE Class 12 exams 2021: SC Reverses Process of Finalising Improvement Exam Scores

The students who took the improvement examinations had taken admissions based on their initial scores, which the highest court stated should not be affected.
The Supreme Court on Friday overturned a requirement in a provision in the CBSE’s evaluation policy from June last year that said that marks received in the subsequent examination would be deemed final in evaluating class 12 pupils.

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) shall provide an alternative to the candidate to accept the better of the two marks acquired in the subject for the final declaration of his or her results for the previous academic year, according to a bench of Justices A M Khanwilkar and C T Ravikumar.

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The apex court noted that a grievance had been raised about the provision in clause 28 of the June 17, 2021 policy that stated that “marks scored in later examinations will be considered final.” The apex court was hearing a plea filed by some students who had appeared in the CBSE exams last year for the purpose of improving their class 12 marks.
“As a result, we have no problem in striking down the condition set forth in section 28 that scores earned in subsequent examinations would be considered final,” the bench stated.

The petitioners’ contention is that this requirement has been included in contrast to previous schemes in which the better of two marks acquired by a candidate in a topic was to be taken into account for final declaration of results.

The CBSE Has Not Provided Any Rationale for Such a Divergence, According to the report

Due to the pandemic last year, the CBSE class 12 board exams was cancelled.
The court, in dismissing the petition, stated that the policy was necessary due to the difficult position faced by students, and that this alone justified adopting a provision that is more favourable to them.

The counsel for the CBSE stated from the outset that these pupils had been assessed based on the improvement exams and could no longer benefit from the policy.

“What effect does it have on you?” “Give us a reason why this isn’t conceivable,” the bench remarked

While hearing the case last month, the Supreme Court stated that the CBSE should consider the situation of students who took the exams last year to improve their grades in class 12 but received lower grades, as this may affect their admissions to higher education.


The students who took the improvement examinations had taken admissions based on their initial scores, which the highest court stated should not be affected.

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The Supreme Court was hearing a petition brought by 11 students who were certified passed in their original results by the CBSE based on the 30:30:40 evaluation policy and were then allowed to take the improvement tests in August-September last year.
The petition, submitted by counsel Ravi Prakash, requested that the authorities responsible keep the petitioners’ original results instead of the improvement examination results.

According to a press release from the CBSE, 34,317 normal students took the offline examinations in order to enhance their grades

The assessment schemes of the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) and the CBSE, which had adopted the 30:30:40 formula for evaluating marks for students in the 12th standard based on results of class 10, 11, and 12, respectively, were approved by the Supreme Court on June 17 last year.

The CBSE had previously said that class 12 pupils would be evaluated for theory based on 30% marks from the class 10 board, 30% from class 11, and 40% from marks earned in the unit, mid-term, and pre-board tests in class 12.

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It had stated that marks achieved by class 12 students in practical and internal assessments on a real-time basis, as submitted by schools to the CBSE portal, will be taken into account in determining final results.

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