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Almond Farming and Benefits of Almonds in India – Steps, Yield & Top Producing States

Almond farming done in mountainous areas of the cooler regions—primarily in Jammu and Kashmir, Kerala, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, and some parts of the hilly areas of Andhra Pradesh, are where farming is mostly practiced without a high-quality mini tractor and a few best tractor implement that may reduce farmers’ labour costs and increase their crop yields, almond cultivation in India would be impossible.

The fruit trees and plants of peaches, apricots, plums, and other fruits are similar to the almond tree or plant. For the best development rate and adequate kernel filling, the almond tree plant needs a fairly hot climate with temperatures between 28 °C to 38 °C. Almonds, a popular dry fruit, are eaten for their capacity to boost energy. 

Almond-producing trees are voracious eaters. As a result, there is a substantial need for fertilizers and manure. An additional 20 kg of farmyard manure is required for appropriate and improved plant development.

Almond farming irrigation

Depending on the temperature and kind of soil utilised for growth, irrigation is a critical stage that impacts nut yield in commercial almond farming. However, water will be provided in accordance with the needs of the plant.

Almond Harvesting:

In the later half of July, the shell starts to break and turn yellow instead of green. Late in August, splits enlarge and expose more of the nut’s shell, allowing it to cure and mature into a marketable product.  Almonds may be harvested in a number of ways, but tree shaking is the one that growers employ most frequently. However, farmers also employ manual harvesting methods. However, when harvesting, take care not to tap fruiting branches with bamboo sticks.

Allow the gathered almonds to dry in a shady location for a few days. Rain could degrade the quality of the nuts while they are drying. The hull should then be removed manually.

Almond Cultivation in India:

However, some mountainous regions of India, including Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh, continue to restrict almond cultivation. Profitability from almond farming is rapidly increasing in India. In India, both sweet and bitter almond trees are grown. Indian almonds grow one metre in a year when young and are extremely fast-growing plants. In India, the price of one kilogramme of almonds ranges from Rs 600 to Rs 1500, depending on the variety and market area. Furthermore, people in India are becoming more familiar with California almond production, and there is a growing market for California almonds in India.

 Health benefits of almonds

Almonds have benefits for bones: almonds contain vitamin E, which helps to improve heart health and prevent heart blockages. Almonds have been shown in studies to help prevent heart attacks by lowering cholesterol levels in the body. Almonds also help to keep blood flowing through arteries and protect their walls.

Women who are pregnant should eat almonds. Studies have shown that folic acid, which is abundant in almonds, is crucial throughout the prenatal stage. It aids in cell division and growth for the developing foetus. Almonds also aid in reducing diabetes and are advantageous for expectant mothers. However, Almonds are also eaten to effectively regulate weight.

advantages of almonds for eyes: Almonds are extremely beneficial to the eyes due to their high concentration of Vitamin E. This particular vitamin protects the eyes from foreign particles. Almonds can also be used to treat age-related macular degeneration.

Almonds for digestive issues: Almonds’ high fibre content aids with bowel movement. Additionally, it fortifies your intestines and prevents digestive diseases. With its aid, constipation—a significant problem for the elderly—is avoided. Use flour, butter, and almond milk to treat digestive problems.

 Almonds aid in the battle against cancer. Almonds are a healthy food choice since they are high in fibre and contain important vitamins and minerals. Almonds’ high dietary fibre content is advantageous for reducing the risk of colon cancer. Studies have shown that eating a handful of almonds every day significantly reduces the risk of colon cancer.

Almonds are good for skin and hair health.

Because they nourish the skin, almonds are really good for it. Vitamin E, which is abundant in almonds and aids in moisturising the skin and preventing the development of numerous skin conditions like acne and pimples, etc. You can keep clear, radiant skin by regularly eating almonds. Almonds have been shown in studies to help brighten skin tone. Almonds are also excellent for your hair’s health. Almond oil is used by people to strengthen their hair. Almond oil helps make the hair strong, healthy, and dark, according to studies. Your hair won’t become damaged, frizzy, or develop grey as a result. Additionally beneficial for dandruff, almonds.

That is very popular in India. India produces a lot of almonds due to favourable weather, labor, and other agri-resources.Here are a few of the best almond varieties grown in India.

 Shalimar: These are large, pointed nuts.

California paper shells: they’re big, sweet, and thin.

Merced: They are flat and light brown in color. They are grown from the middle to the end of the growing season.

Nonpareil: They have a pale brown shell and are elongated.

Mukdoom, Pranyaj, Drake, and IXL are some other popular varieties. 

Other commercially traded almond varieties in India include: Peerless Primorskii Ne Plus Ultra Thompson Butte Monterey Ruby Fritz Sonora Padre Le Grand Carmel\sPrice

Technical Factors Required for Almond Production in India

Let’s go over some almond-related conditions.

 Almonds may be consumed in a variety of ways, including raw.

  • They can be eaten after soaking the next day.
  • They can be used as dessert toppings.
  • They may be included into savoury dishes
  • They are a component in several beverages and smoothies.
  • Almonds are used to create milk and almond butter.
  • They may also be used to make cookies.

Almond Uses

  • Numerous uses exist for almonds. Certain of them are
  • Avoid processed or sugar-coated nuts since they have less health advantages.
  • The antioxidant qualities of almonds might be destroyed by excessive roasting or heating, therefore you should avoid eating them.
  • The ideal way to eat almonds is to soak them overnight because doing so boosts their health benefits and lowers the risk of allergies.

Origin and Cultivation of Almond

Southwest Asia is the original home of the almond. It is thought to be a significant tree crop. It is typically cultivated in Mediterranean regions. Typically, the temperature lies between 20 and 40 degrees south and 28 to 48 degrees north. Nearly 80% of all almonds are produced in California alone. Around the world, almonds are a widely consumed nut.

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